GALACTICNUCLEUS: A high-angular-resolution JHKs imaging survey of the Galactic centre II. First data release of the catalogue and the most detailed CMDs of the GC

Nogueras-Lara, Francisco; Schödel, Rainer; Gallego-Calvente, Aurelia Teresa; Dong, Hui; Gallego-Cano, Eulalia; Shahzamanian, Banafsheh; Girard, Julien H. V.; Nishiyama, Shogo; Najarro, Francisco; Neumayer, Nadine

November, 2019
ABSTRACT: 

Context. The high extinction and extreme source crowding of the central regions of the Milky Way are serious obstacles to the study of the structure and stellar population of the Galactic centre (GC). Existing surveys that cover the GC region (2MASS, UKIDSS, VVV, SIRIUS) do not have the necessary high angular resolution. Therefore, a high-angular-resolution survey in the near infrared is crucial to improve the state of the art.
Aims: Here, we present the GALACTICNUCLEUS catalogue, a near infrared JHKs high-angular-resolution (0.2″) survey of the nuclear bulge of the Milky Way.
Methods: We explain in detail the data reduction, data analysis, calibration, and uncertainty estimation of the GALACTICNUCLEUS survey. We assess the data quality comparing our results with previous surveys.
Results: We obtained accurate JHKs photometry for ̃3.3 × 106 stars in the GC detecting around 20% in J, 65% in H, and 90% in Ks. The survey covers a total area of ̃0.3 deg2, which corresponds to ̃6000 pc2. The GALACTICNUCLEUS survey reaches 5σ detections for J ̃ 22 mag, H ̃ 21 mag, and Ks ̃ 21 mag. The uncertainties are below 0.05 mag at J ̃ 21 mag, H ̃ 19 mag, and Ks ̃ 18 mag. The zero point systematic uncertainty is ≲0.04 mag in all three bands. We present colour-magnitude diagrams for the different regions covered by the survey. The catalogues described in this paper and specified in Table 1 are only at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/631/A20. The catalogues follow the structure presented in Table 2.